Confronting people with alcoholism is dangerous territory for those closest to them. The human brain is programmed to seek rewards. Alcohol is highly rewarding and affects the dopamine reward system. When going from alcohol use, to alcohol abuse, to alcoholism, the reward system, as well as other systems such as GABA, become highly affected. The brain begins to seek out alcohol as a survival mechanism. Any threat to the availability of alcohol can be seen as a threat to survival, and the person is likely to exhibit behaviors such as aggressiveness, blaming, projection, denial, rationalization and others. These defense mechanisms are meant to protect the psyche from unwanted anxiety, grief, blows to one’s self-esteem and others.
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EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL ABUSE & ALCOHOL ADDICTION
10,000 ALCOHOL IMPAIRED DRIVING FATALITIES
100,000 ANNUAL DEATHS FROM ALCOHOL
249 BILLION DOLLAR COST TO UNITED STATES